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 Glossary of Terms 

TOURISM

Center of economic interest - it is said to have a center of economic interest when there exist some location-dwelling, place of production or other premises-within the economic territory on, or from, which it engages, and intends to continue to engage, in economic activities and transactions on a significant scale either indefinitely or over a finite but long period of time.

Domestic Tourism - Tourism of resident visitors within the economic territory of the country of reference.

Group Tour – a number of people traveling together following an itinerary organized by a private entity such as tour operator or travel agency or by a government institution.
Reference: A Glossary of Selected Tourism Terms, 1980 Prepared by the Technical Working Group (TWG) on Tourism of the NEDA Inter-agency Committee (IAC) on Trade and Tourism and the Asian Institute of Tourism (AIT), University of the Philippines (UP)

Guided Tour – a tour conducted for tourism purposes by a tour guide. Reference: A Glossary of Selected Tourism Terms, 1980 Prepared by the Technical Working Group (TWG) on Tourism of the NEDA Inter-agency Committee (IAC) on Trade and Tourism and the Asian Institute of Tourism (AIT), University of the Philippines (UP)

Inbound Tourism - Tourism of non-resident visitors within the economic territory of the country of reference.

Outbound Tourism - Tourism of resident visitors outside the economic territory of the country of reference.

Package Tour – refers to a set of products and services offered to the visitors that is composed of varieties of tourism characteristic products (such as transport, accommodation, food services, recreation, etc.). The component of a package tour might be pre-established, or can result from an "a la carte" procedure where the visitor decides the combination of products/services he/she wishes to acquire. This can be synonymously used with "package travel and/or package holiday".
Reference: Tourism Satellite Account: Methodological Reference, 2000 (WTO) paragraphs 2.74 and 3.46 on pages 30 and 41, respectively; International Tourism: Global Perspective (WTO) 1st edition: October 1997, page 386; and DOT Rules and Regulations to Govern the Accreditation of Travel and Tours, 1992

Resident - An institutional unit is resident in a country when it has a center of economic interest in the economic territory of that country.

Same-Day Visitor - Visitor who does not spend the night in a collective or private accommodation in the place visited.

Tour – refers to any arranged journey intended for purposes of tourism to one or more places and back to the point of origin. The arranged journey may not necessarily be pre-paid.
Reference: A Glossary of Selected Tourism Terms, 1980 Prepared by the Technical Working Group (TWG) on Tourism of the NEDA Inter-agency Committee (IAC) on Trade and Tourism and the Asian Institute of Tourism (AIT), University of the Philippines (UP)

Tour Guide – pertains to an individual who guides visitors for a fee, commission, or any form of lawful remuneration or a personnel from a government or private entity who performs the above function without fee or remuneration.
Reference: Principles of Tourism, Part I – 1999, Zenaida L. Cruz, Ph.D.

Tour Operator – refers to entities engaged in the business of extending/selling travel services (e.g., arrangements and bookings for transportation and/or accommodation; handling and/or conduct of inbound tours) to individuals or groups for a fee, commission, or any form of compensation.
Reference: DOT Rules and Regulations to Govern the Accreditation of Travel and Tour Services, 1992; Tourism Satellite Account: Methodological Reference, 2000 (WTO) paragraph 3.46, page 41; and International Tourism: Global Perspective (WTO) 1st edition: October 1997, page 389

Tourism - Comprises the activities of persons traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes not related to the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited.

Tourist - Visitor who stays one or more nights in the place visited.

Travel agency – refers to entities qualified to sell tours, cruises, transportation, hotel accommodations, meals, transfers, sightseeing and all other elements of travel to visitors in a certain geographic area at a certain moment in time and within certain conditions. The agency acts as a broker, bringing the buyer and seller together. They do not substitute the service-providing unit, but play the role of providing information and access to the visitor and are the middlemen in the purchase of certain services.
Reference: Tourism Satellite Account: Methodological Reference, 2000 (WTO) paragraph 3.37, page 40; International Tourism: Global Perspective (WTO) 1st edition: October 1997, page 389; and Principles of Tourism, Part I – 1999, Zenaida L. Cruz, Ph.D.

Usual Environment - Corresponds to the geographical boundaries within which an individual displaces himself/herself within his/her regular routine of life; consists of the direct vicinity of his/her home and place of work or study and other places frequently visited.

Visitor - Any person traveling to a place other than that of his/her usual environment for less than 12 months and whose main purpose of trip is other than the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited.

 

NSCB Resolution No. 11, Series of 2003 Annex-BR-11-2003-1
    and NSCB Resolution No. 12, Series of 2004 Annex-BR-12-2004-01:TOU-02.

 

 

 

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