Students’ scores in achievement tests deteriorating;
CARAGA and Eastern Visayas rank highest
(FS-200705-SS2-01, posted 08 May 2007)
The National Achievement Test (NAT) results for SY 2005-2006 reflected a declining education performance of the students in the country 1 . The Grade 6 pupils averaged an overall achievement rate of only 54.5% while Fourth Year high school students were worse off with only 44.3%, both decreasing by four and two percentage points, respectively, from the previous year where the pupils and students averaged 58.7% and 46.8%, respectively 2 . Scores in all subject areas in both elementary and secondary level went down by about one to six percentage points, an alarming situation that should be seriously addressed by the educators of the country.
Figure 1A - National Achievement Tests (Grades 4 - 6) SY 2002-2005
Figure 1B - National Achievement Tests (Fourth Year High School) SY 2002-2005
Among the subject areas, Grade 6 pupils scored highest in Filipino, while Fourth Year high school students scored best in Math. Same with the previous year, Science was the least of the competencies of both elementary and secondary students at 46.7% and 38.0%, respectively.
Figure 2A - Mean Percentage Scores of the National Achievement Test in Grade 6 by Subject Area,
Figure 2A - Mean Percentage Scores of the National Achievement Test in Fourth Year High School by Subject Area,
In terms of mastery level, only one out of seven Grade 6 pupils or 14% and one out of 100 Fourth Year high school students or 1% had acquired mastery of the required education competencies for their respective grade/year levels. Less than half or 46.5% of Grade 6 pupils and 33.2% of Fourth Year high school students had near mastery education competencies. Another discouraging fact is that 39.1% of Grade 6 pupils and 65.6% of Fourth Year high school students had low mastery education competencies 3 .
Table 1 -
Percentage Distribution of Pupils/Students by Mastery Level
At the elementary level, CARAGA topped all regions in the NAT with an average score of 70.8%, followed by Eastern Visayas Region and MIMAROPA with 65.7% and 61.6%, respectively. On the other hand, the bottom three regions are ARMM, NCR and Western Visayas.
Eastern Visayas maintained its top position at the secondary level 4 with an average score of 59.7%, followed by CARAGA and Central Visayas with 58.6% and 52.2%, respectively. The bottom three regions at this level are ARMM, Soccskargen and Bicol.
Table 2 -
Mean Percentage Scores of the National Achievement Test
in Grade 6 and Fourth Year High School By Region,
Source of basic data: National Education Testing and Research Center (NETRC), Department of Education (DepEd)
1 The NATs were administered by the National Education Testing and Research Center (NETRC) of the Department of Educaion (DepEd) to Grade 6 and Fourth Year high school students in government schools in March 2006. The tests were designed to determine what the graduating students know and can do in five subject areas at the end of the school year, namely: Mathematics, Science, English, Filipino and Hekasi/Araling Panlipunan.
2 For elementary level, the comparison refers to the same cohort of pupils (from Grade 4 in SY 2002-2003 to Grade 6 in SY 2004-2005. For secondary level, it refers to the change over time for successive batches of Fourth Year high school students.